MJM. NBCLearn “Revolution of 1800”
After two terms as the first president of the United States of America, George Washington gave a farwell address to this young nation riddled with cautionary advice. Printed and reprinted over and over again so that everyone from the northernmost cities to the southernmost plantations would be able to read and heed his warning Washington counseled that one of the most dangerous threats to the young United States are political parties. Although Washington was virtually unopposed for the presidency he still witnessed firsthand what a country divided looks like. There were already people resenting the new government, as can be seen by the Whisky Rebellion. There did not need to be completely separate factions of people who support the government too. When the election of 1800 came around clearly no one had heeded Washington’s calls for concern. Thomas Jefferson, a Republican with mostly support from the middle and southern states, won against John Adams, a federalist carried by the northern part of the country. It is important to analyze the setting of the country at the time of this election. It was still shaky at best as people tried to trust their new government and the governmental branches were trying to maintain respect and authority without becoming too centralized or tyrannical. This would have caused another revolution because what Americans feared most was another version of King George III of England. When Jefferson won there was a stillness in the air of the country simply waiting for the north to rebel or try and leave the union because history has shown that oftentimes political losers are taken for traitors and are killed or at least gotten rid of. For the first time in American History this was not the case. Jefferson stood up and echoed the Constitution and Bill of Rights. Everyone has a right to free speech and freedom of thought and you cannot be persecuted simply because of your political affiliation. Although the founders truly believed in these clauses, until now it was not taken for granted that the infant constitution would hold true and stand strong in the face of opposition. This bloodless transition of power, referred to by historians as the Revolution of 1800, is comparable to the Glorious Revolution of 1688 in England when William and Mary of the House of Orange ascended the throne. This hallmark of history is a token to a country’s political solidity and maturity. it is amazing that in only 24 years the United States of America was able to reach this level of political stability.AMB-- (textbook)
In the new nation, many people feared the position of the President. Because the colonies had just broken away from England, whose king could rule over them in any way he chose, they were terrified at the thought of being ruled by another authoritarian monarch. Many people did not want a strong central government because they feared that a select few would take control and rule unjustly over the masses.
In light of this, George Washington performed masterfully as the first President of the United States, allowing Congress the power to appoint members to his cabinet and to pass or veto laws. The most distinctive aspect of his presidency, however, was his farewell. By making the choice to leave office after two terms, he showed the United States and the world that America was clearly a republic that could survive without a king. By declining to run for a third term, Washington demonstrated that he was not power-hungry, and only had the interests of the new nation in mind. He set the precedent for staying in office for only two terms, which was broken only by Franklin D. Roosevelt over a hundred years later.
Because the general public was so wary of a strong central government, the Founders had to form a unique system of checks and balances to prevent any one person from consolidating all the power. They came up with a three-branch system with the executive branch (the president), the legislative branch (the House and the Senate), and the judicial branch (the court system). Each branch can limit the power of the others in specific ways. For example, the legislative branch can check the president by vetoing a law that he approves, passing a law he vetoes, or even having him impeached. On the other hand, the president can veto laws that Congress has passed. The federal courts can also declare laws or actions to be unconstitutional. This way, the actions of the President, Congress, and lawmakers are always being monitored and debated, and power circulates between them.
how does third paragraph relate to first two?

week 2vv



The outcome of the War of 1812 greatly changed America symbolically, politically, and socially. When the President’s Palace was repainted after the war, it became the White House, which remains a symbol of America to this day. The country’s National Anthem also came out of this event when Francis Scott Key wrote his famous poem “The Star-Spangled Banner.” This song told the story of the British attack on Fort McHenry, and how the Americans prevailed throughout the attack. The White House and the “Star-Spangled Banner” became examples of what America represented, and became a rallying point for the American citizens. They helped awaken American nationalism, which had been deficient before the war. Before and during the War of 1812, the Americans felt more loyalty towards their local towns, cities, and states than they did towards the country as a whole. As these symbols united the American people, they came to stand for the strength of the United States as a republic and as a developing world power. The War of 1812 showed the citizens of the United States and of the world that America could stand up to the other major powers, specifically Britain. As people saw the strength of the Republic grow, those who had been unsure about the practicality of this form of government started to support it. With more support, the Republican government and party grew stronger, and the Federalists, who had opposed the war, lost most of their national influence. This time period was known as the "Era of Good Feelings" because America was becoming passionate about its national identity, and because its political power was growing.
lots of good info but all is rather basic -- no tie-ins -- no analysis



week 3
***RIL- Ch 11 Cooper, Emerson, Thoreau, Fuller, and Whitman; and Hawthorne, Melville, and Poe; and American Landscape Painting
Hawthorne, Melville and Poe were legendary American writers from the 1840s and 1850s, yet, unlike other writers and artists of their time, these writers did not base many of their stories in America. Hawthorne, Melville and Poe were unlike the other successful artists from their time. Other writers like Cooper, Emerson, Thoreau, Fuller, and Whitman drew inspiration from America and their own lives as Americans. Cooper wrote about a distinctly American fictional character. Emerson supported literature about America and wrote essays about American topics. Thoreau wrote books depicting America’s beautiful nature. Fuller wrote of American feminism. Whitman wrote a book of poems about Americans. These five noteworthy authors all wrote about America in some way or another. Contrastingly, Hawthorne, Melville and Poe did not use the current America as the focus of their writings. Hawthorne wrote of America’s past and also of Rome in some of his books. Melville set some of his stories in faraway lands. Many of Poe’s stories were set in Europe. Since these authors’ stories were not about antebellum America, they were different from other writers of their time.
Not only were they different from other writers of their time, Hawthorne, Melville and Poe were also different from other artists of this time period. American landscape painters used American scenery and American people, and Indians too, in their paintings. Thomas Cole, Asher Durand, and Frederick Church all used the Hudson River as the subject in a number of their paintings. George Caitlin depicted many Indian tribes in his paintings. Thus, they were inspired by America. They utilized what America had to offer and Hawthorne, Melville and Poe did not. The use of America as inspiration was common in both writing and painting, yet Hawthorne, Melville and Poe did not use America as inspiration. For this reason, Hawthorne, Melville and Poe were different from the other artists of this time period.